Multi level connection for the consistent design of cooperative human-machine systems
To describe human-machine cooperation, level models are often used that describe the interaction between humans and machines on different sub-levels. In general, human activities and cooperative activities can be hierarchically divided into these sub-levels, e.g. navigation level (choice of route), trajectory level (choice of driving maneuver and trajectory) and action level (choice of steering angle and angle of the accelerator pedal) for the driving task. There are already promising methods for this level model approach that can be used for the design of cooperative systems. For the development of these methods, however, the interaction between human and machine has so far been viewed in isolation within one level (horizontal focus). Interdependencies and signals between the levels (vertical focus) have not been considered so far, but rather seen as given, such as the existence and the course of reference trajectories as the necessary input variable of the action level.
The aim of this research is to examine the connection between the levels and thus the vertical integration of the levels in the automation design. The aim is to answer the question of how a consistent design looks like when all levels are connected and in interdependency with one another. The focus is particularly on the design of the level interfaces as a prerequisite for human-machine interaction to be successful within the various levels.